The Human Genome Project, carried out between 1990 and 2003, was an important milestone in scientific research that aimed to sequence and map all the genes of the human genome. During that period, as a specialist doctor, I was already in charge of more than 700 families. My medical training was carried out in institutes that had all the specialties, and together with a multidisciplinary team, we provided comprehensive medical care to patients, grouping them according to age and risk groups, both modifiable and non-modifiable. Our practice consisted of examining each patient exhaustively, evaluating all the details from the toenails to the hair, and completing a clinical history that considered each individual as a biological, psychological, and social being.
During those years, we did not charge the patients anything and we also had to perform medical guards every three days, attending to more than 200 people in an extra work and night day. It was thanks to this training that I acquired a comprehensive vision to differentiate symptoms and signs among the numerous "patients" or patients, what we called the differential diagnosis. Subsequently, when I moved to the United States, I was able to take advantage of the development and resources available in this great country to thoroughly investigate each alteration at the molecular level. I immersed myself in the study of the human genome, identified 55 genes and their specific genotypes, analyzed proteins, alterations of nitrogenous bases, and changes in essential amino acids. I participated in the development of the first clinical protocol aimed at trying to control the disease.
These advances allowed us to focus on changes in daily habits, which included aspects such as diet, rest, exercise, medications, creams, and phototherapy, adapted to each skin type according to the Fitzpatrick scale and the minimum redness index known as MED. Everything mentioned, and much more that I cannot address in depth in this medium made possible a multidisciplinary approach in which we concluded that Vitiligo can be avoided.
The adoption of new lifestyles plays a fundamental role in the path to the prevention of Vitiligo. By understanding the genetic and molecular factors involved in the disease, we have identified changes in diet, adequate rest, regular exercise, the use of specific medications, the application of creams, and the use of phototherapy as key tools in the prevention of Vitiligo.
The personalization of these habits is essential since each individual is unique and may have different needs and responses to the changes implemented. It is important to note that these new life habits not only contribute to preventing Vitiligo but also promote better comprehensive health and general well-being.
In the next chapters, we will explore in detail each of these new life habits that can help us in the prevention of Vitiligo. Next, I will summarize the importance of adopting these changes and how they can influence our goal of avoiding the disease.
Diet: A balanced diet rich in nutrients is essential to maintain the health of our skin and strengthen our immune system. By including foods rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, we can protect our cells from free radicals and promote optimal functioning of the body.
Adequate rest: Sleep and rest are vital for general well-being. During sleep, our body regenerates and repairs, which contributes to a strong immune system. Getting enough sleep and having a good sleep rhythm helps to maintain balance and reduce stress, which is beneficial to prevent Vitiligo.
Regular exercise: Regular physical activity has multiple health benefits, including skin health. Exercise promotes blood circulation, which helps maintain healthy and nourished skin. In addition, it contributes to the reduction of stress and strengthens the immune system, key aspects in the prevention of Vitiligo.
Specific medications and treatments: In cases where there is a high genetic risk or early signs of Vitiligo are present, it is important to have specific treatments. These may include topical medications, light therapies (phototherapy), or other approaches recommended by a specialized doctor.
Skincare: Maintaining good hygiene and skincare is essential. Using soft and suitable products for our skin type, protecting ourselves from the sun through the use of sunscreen, and avoiding skin injuries or trauma can help prevent the development of Vitiligo.
By adopting these new life habits, we are empowering ourselves to take proactive measures in the prevention of Vitiligo. It is important to remember that each person is unique, so it is advisable to consult with a specialist doctor to obtain an individualized and personalized evaluation.
In the following chapters, we will delve into each of these aspects, providing practical recommendations and specific tools to implement the necessary changes in our daily lives. Together, we will explore how we can adopt these new life habits and avoid Vitiligo, strengthening our health and well-being in general.
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